This study estimated the health impact value of the VietGAP program on the health of farmers in Thua Thien Hue province. By employing the propensity score matching (PSM) method, findings show that the VietGAP program has a significant impact on farmers’ health. In particular, the program reduces farmers’ health problems due to pesticide exposure by 15.6%, 22.9%, 25.5%, and 23.6%, respectively, based on four types of matching. Most health problems due to pesticide exposure are moderate in severity and have short-term effects. Conventional farmers experience more health problems with more significant symptoms than VietGAP farmers do. By applying the health cost derived from direct and indirect costs, the health impact value from the VietGAP program is VND 521,870. Many farmers are aware of the harmful effects of pesticide use; intensive use of pesticides and using inadequate protective equipment increase the health risks faced by farmers. This study provided evidence of the positive impacts of the VietGAP program on the health status of farmers in Thua Thien Hue province. It is therefore hoped that the production, consumption, and management solutions provided by the VietGAP program can encourage farmers to use environment-friendly agricultural practices.
Impact of VietGAP Vegetable Production on the Health of Farmers in Thua Thien Hue Province, Vietnam