This study brought a lab experiment to the field by using an experimental method that tested the role of leadership in solving social dilemmas in the rural areas of Vietnam. The authors adopted the experiment design of Velez, Stranlund, and Murphy (2009) and Rivas and Sutter (2009) to examine the effects of leading-by-example. Specifically, this study compared two different types of leadership, namely, exogenous leadership (i.e., imposed leaders) and endogenous leadership (i.e., voluntary leaders). The results of the study can help policy and decision makers in Vietnam to understand the role of leaders in fostering communities’ cooperation. This would have implications on environmental management policies in the rural areas of Vietnam, where formal institutions are ineffective, and therefore require cooperation within communities to enhance efficiency in implementation.
Leadership in Solving Social Dilemmas: An Experiment in Mekong Delta, Vietnam