Climate change has significantly reduced agricultural production affecting food security and livelihood sustainability of Cambodians. An EEPSEA and IDRC study by a team from the Royal University of Phnom Penh analyzed the social vulnerability to climate change of Cambodia’s Kampong Speu province, one of the provinces most affected by natural disasters in the country. Results indicate that drought was the most severe hazard from 1999 to 2011 in Kampong Speu because it occurred in both the lowland and upland areas. The agricultural sector was found to be the most sensitive sector because of the frequency of drought in the province. Results also show that women were more vulnerable to extreme climate hazards than men due to high workload, less opportunity for education, and higher susceptibility to health problems. It was also found that people in upland areas have a higher adaptive capacity and tend to migrate less than those from lowland areas because of additional income from non-timber forest products collection.
Climate-Induced Vulnerability in Kampong Speu Province, Cambodia