This study is part of the cross-country analysis of the fiscal and resource gap of protected areas (PA) in the South East Asian region. It focused on the protected areas in the Philippines that are under the jurisdiction of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR). Results show that if national benchmarks as of 2009 are used, it is estimated that there is a shortfall of 1,478 staff and USD 8.4 million in operating expense in the 79 PAs covered (1,509,557 hectares). It is recommended that the DENR pursue the enactment of mandates or enabling laws for each PA to include the organization and staffing pattern that will be used for the PA as well as allow them to contract out PA management or to co-manage the area with interested local government units as well as to upgrade the general entrance fee and other charges, among others.
Fiscal Gap and Financing Protected Areas in the Philippines