Climate risk events cause much devastation to human life. Ironically, climate risk events are, to a large extent, brought about by human activity. The major direct impacts of human activity include drainage of coastal wetlands, deforestation and reclamation, and discharge of sewage, fertilizers, and contaminants into coastal waters. (Nichols,R.J., 2007). The climate risk event caused the people in the urban areas are most at risk of sea level rise, flooding and landslide, as well as poor water quality and shortage. An archipelagic country, Indonesia has the fourth longest coastline in the world (UN,2008). Being a low- to middle-income nation, Indonesia is clearly vulnerable to climate risk events, particularly to sea level rise and flooding. Figure 1 shows that among all climate risk events that happened in Indonesia in 2007, flooding occurred the most. Floods in 2007 caused much devastation to Jakarta, inundating 70% of the city and causing economic losses that reached US$ 840 million (Ministry of National Development Planning, 2007).
Adaptive Behavior Assessment Based on Climate Change Event: Jakarta’s Flood in 2007