Payment is good, control is better: Why payments for forest environmental services in Vietnam have so far remained incipient
By Sven Wender, Bui Dung the, Enrique Ibarra
This study reviews what kind of schemes (direct and indirect) related to payments for environmental services (PES-related schemes) currently exist in Vietnam, and what have been the success stories of, as well as the obstacles to, PES implementation. The study objective is to assess the likely impacts of specific directreward schemes on local livelihoods and forests, and how these schemes fit into a concept of PES in Vietnam. Also, the study aims to identify the circumstances under which it is likely that PES schemes could be implemented in the country.